A Standard Model for the Impact of Policies on Foreign Trade of Frozen Vegetables, Juices and Syrups
Keywords:A standard model, policies, Dummy Variables Method
Research problem is The development of Egyptian exports comes at the forefront of the priorities of Egyptian decision-makers in general and the development of agricultural exports in particular, which faces many problems and obstacles that stand in the way of increasing its export capacity, some of which are related to competitiveness in foreign markets, capacity and export prices, and our Egyptian exports of frozen vegetables, juices and syrups are affected with that. The results of the research revealed that to show the impact of policies on the exports and imports of frozen vegetables, juices and sherbets for the two periods (1990-2004) (2005-2020) that there is a real effect for the two periods on the exported quantity of frozen vegetables, juices and syrups, their value and the value of the trade balance for them. The statistical significance of the quantity of imports was not confirmed. And its value for frozen
vegetables, juices and syrups, where the calculated (F) was less than the tabular value. Using dummy variables, the statistically significant increase was confirmed for the two periods, as the value of the increase in the Egyptian trade balance amounted to about 4.2%, 6.2% of their average value of the trade balance of Egyptian frozen vegetables by about 14.2, 60.1 thousand dollars, respectively, while the increase in the trade balance for juices and drinks for the two periods amounted to 6.3%, 8.3% From the average of the two periods of about 4.3, 53.9 thousand dollars. The research recommends that increasing production and thus increasing Egyptian exports of frozen vegetables, juices and sherbet is the only way to improve the Egyptian agricultural trade balance for the two commodities, and that this is the only way to increase all manufactured agricultural products that increase the added value of these products.
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