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Oct-Dec, 2019


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Air Quality around Charcoal Making Kilns and the Potential Health Hazards

Omnya A. El-Batrawy

ABSTRACT: Charcoal making kilns use highly inefficient technology and release significant amounts of air emissions. This study was designed to characterize major air pollutants from traditional kilns located in New Damietta City, Damietta, Egypt and to valuate its potential health hazards. In-situ monitoring of PM10, CO, NO2, SO2 and NH3 emissions were determined. Moreover, Heavy etals in PM10 (Co, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn, Ni, Cd) were analyzed. Measurements were supplemented by a questionnaire on the possible health effects of charcoal production. Assessment of air quality monitoring data demonstrated that all emissions from charcoal kilns exceeded the prescribed limit as stipulated in EEAA. CO was found to be the most elevated level during emission followed by PM10. Among the heavy metals, the highest concentration was found to be Pb followed by Ni. The charcoal workers are exposed to high emissions generating a potential health risk. Pollution prevention strategies as well as public awareness might be sensible and valuable approaches to decrease hazardous air emissions around charcoal kilns areas.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 180-188 ] DOI: 10.36632/ije/2019.8.4.4

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