Oct-Dec, 2019


Growth of Golden Pothos (Epipremnum aureum) Plant as Affected by NPK Formula and rate

Elboraie E.A.H. and M. M. Kasem

ABSTRACT: The current study was achieved to evaluate the influence of different NPK formulas at (20:20:20, 20:10:5 and 16:6:5), NPK rates at (2, 4 and 6 g/pot) and their interactions on vegetative growth and chemical compositions of golden photos (Epipremnum aureum). Two field experiments in a plastic greenhouse were conducted at the Nursery of Vegetables and Floriculture Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Damietta University, Egypt, during the two consecutive seasons of 2018 and 2019. The experiment was designed as a factorial in randomized complete block design, since the NPK formulas was the first factor and the NPK rates was the second factor. The obtained results cleared the importance of NPK formulas and rates on improving golden photos growth. Golden photos plants treated with NPK fertilizer formula of 16:6:5 at 4 g/pot gained significant increases in vegetative
growth (vine length, vines number, leaf area, leaves number, fresh and dry weight), pigments content (chlorophyll a, b and carotenoids) and leaves macronutrients contents (N, P and K%). In general, these results may decrease the total NPK fertilization which needed for commercial production of this important foliage indoor plant through decreasing the NPK formula from 20:20:20 to 16:6:5 although increasing the NPK concentrations. Generally, from the previous results can reduce the use of compound fertilizers, especially nitrogen and phosphorus through the use of the least fertilizer equation content (16: 6: 5) and the use of fertilizer dose 4 g where there is no significant differences with the dose of 6 g so we recommend the use of 4 g /pot every three weeks where they reduce the economic cost.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 604-611 ] DOI: 10.36632/csi/2019.8.4.1


Association between ABO Blood/ Rhesus Grouping and Hepatitis C virus in Egyptian patients

Hussam K.M. Sahow, Samir H. Abdel Aziz, Sabah A. Abo Maaty, Sohair Abdel Rahman and El Dougdoug K. A.

ABSTRACT: The relationship between hepatitis C virus and the host ABO/Rh blood groups appropriately designed study in Egypt. This current study aimed to investigate possible association between ABO blood /Rh groups with HCV infection. In this study, 20 healthy individuals (controls), 90 patients showed like Hepatitis-C symptoms were recruited from June 2018 to March 2019 provided clinical labs in Egypt. The HCV patients groups were matched for their subjects, region, age and sex. In the HC group, there were 75 Rh+ positive (83.3%) and 15 Rh- negative (16.6%) patients. The corresponding figures were (A) 16/23 (69.7%), (B) 17/25 (68 %), (O) 8/20 (40 %) and (AB) 17/22 (54.5 %) for the HCV patients out of AB blood groups. Comparing between the control and HC groups showed no significant difference in terms of the frequency of ABO blood groups (p = 0.70). The HCV patients appeared Severe symptoms thus as, Fever, Joint pain, Weight loss, Liver cell failure and mild symptoms thus as, (Nausea, Vomiting and Abdominal pain. HCV Positive clinical blood 73 out of 90 with rate 81.1% by ELISA. Statistical significant differences were recorded between HCV and blood groups, A, B, O and AB regarding sex. In addition there was highly statistical significant decrease in female than male cases regarding medical history. While nonsignificant differences between ABO blood groups of HCV patient regarding CB Cresults, Biochemical Liver tests and Kidney function, (creatinine and Urea). RT-qPCR of blood viral load showed that the higher percentage of HCV infection was among f blood group B (54.90%) and the lower percentage was among those of blood group O (9.90%) with significant difference (p<0.05) .This association is significant between certain ABO blood groups and HCV.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 612-622 ] DOI: 10.36632/csi/2019.8.4.2


The use of miniature parks as a museum for Egyptian architectural heritage

Nermin Mokhtar Farrag, Ayman Hesham Elalfy

ABSTRACT: Miniature heritage parks are considered a good chance for people to be aware of their countries architectural heritage. It might be hard for every person to visit most of a country’s monumental places. Egypt is a country that has various historical places and a lot of monuments located in different natural and cultural environments. Egypt had passed various historical periods including
pharaonic, Coptic and Islamic. Miniature heritage parks contain a blend of small scale architectural models and sculpture art models that compose a good knowledge environment that enhance its visitors to know about their heritage. Although Egypt has a very rich heritage environment. Yet there are few opened miniature heritage parks. Nowadays there is a great demand to enhance the design and construction of such parks with the guidance of the foreign miniature heritage parks found in China, Holland and the United States of America. The research goal is to enhance the architectural design process for heritage mini parks in Egypt through a comparative study for of some foreign park examples displaying Egyptian monumental models and two miniature heritage parks existing in Egypt reaching architectural design criteria that should be considered during the design process.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 623-639 ] DOI: 10.36632/csi/2019.8.4.3


Intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide for treatment of resistant and persistent diabetic macular edema

Hazem Azab M.D., Maged Adly Naguib M.D.

ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide in diabetic macular edema, refractory cases. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study of forty eyes diagnosed clinically and supported with optical coherence tomography with diabetic macular edema were than 300 m in thickness. All eyes were injected with a single injection preservative free triamcinolone acetonide (4 mg /0.1 ml). Patients were subjected to visual acuity and optical coherence tomography on each follow up visit which was continued for mean eight months. Results: The mean central subfield thickness at baseline was 504 m, at five weeks. The mean central subfield thickness dropped by about 195 m and baseline visual acuity 0.8 log MAR unit was improved by 0.02 log MAR unit from baseline that were recorded in 17 (42.5%) eyes, 11 (27.5%) eyes improved in central subfield thickness without improved vision, 5 (12.5%) eyes more worse than before injection and lastly 7 (17.5%) eyes without changes in central subfield thickness or visual acuity. Conclusion: triamcinolone acetonide is safe, effective and promising therapy in resistant and persistent diabetic macular edema.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 640-646 ] DOI: 10.36632/csi/2019.8.4.4